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Ultra-brıght led lamp

Konusu 'Elektronik Devreler' forumundadır ve guclusat tarafından 18 Haziran 2011 başlatılmıştır.

  1. guclusat
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    guclusat Tanınmış Üye Süper Moderatör

    Katılım:
    14 Haziran 2009
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    Ödül Puanları:
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    This ultra-bright white LED lamp
    works on 230V AC with minimal
    power consumption. It can be used
    to illuminate VU meters, SWR meters, etc.
    Ultra-bright LEDs available in the market
    cost Rs 8 to 15. These LEDs emit a
    1000-6000mCd bright white light like welding
    arc and work on 3 volts, 10 mA. Their
    maximum voltage is 3.6 volts and the current
    is 25 mA. Anti-static precautions
    should be taken when handling the LEDs.
    The LEDs in water-clear plastic package

    ULTRA-BRIGHT LED LAMP1.jpg

    The LEDs in water-clear plastic package emit spotlight, while diffused type LEDs have a wide-angle radiation pattern. This circuit (Fig. 1) employs capacitive reactance for limiting the current flow through the LEDs on application of mains voltage to the circuit. If we use only a series resistor for limiting the current with mains operation, the limiting resistor itself will dissipate around 2 to 3 watts of power, whereas no power is dissipated in a capacitor. The value of capacitor is calculated by using the following relationships:

    • XC = 1/(2pfC) ohms —————(a)
    • XC = VRMS /I ohms ———— (b)
    where XC is capacitive reactance in ohms, C is capacitance in farads, I is the current through the LED in amperes, f is the mains frequency in Hz, and Vrms is the input mains voltage. The 100-ohm, 2W series resistor avoids heavy ‘inrush’ current during transients. MOV at the input prevents surges or spikes, protecting the circuit. The 390-kilo-ohm, ½-watt resistor acts as a bleeder to provide discharge path for capacitor Cx when mains supply is disconnected.

    The zener diode at the output section prevents excess reverse voltage levels appearing across the LEDs during negative half cycles. During positive half cycle, the voltage across LEDs is limited to zener voltage. Use AC capacitors for Cx. Filter capacitor C1 across the output provides flicker-free light. The circuit can be enclosed in a CFL round case, and thus it can be connected directly to AC bulb holder socket.


    A series combination of 16 LEDs (Fig. 2) gives a luminance (lux) equivalent of a 12W bulb. But if you have two series combinations of 23 LEDs in parallel (total 46 LEDs as shown in Fig. 3), it gives light equal to a 35W bulb. 15 LEDs are suitable for a table-lamp light. Diode D1 (1N4007) and capacitor C1 act as rectifying and smoothing elements to provide DC voltage to the row of LEDs. For a 16-LED row, use Cx of 0.22 µF, 630V; C1 of 22 µF, 100V; and zener of 48V, 1W. Similarly, for 23+23 LED combination use Cx of 0.47 mF, 630V; C1 of 33 µF, 150V; and zener of 69V, 1W. This circuit (inclusive of LEDs) costs Rs 200 to Rs 400.

    ULTRA-BRIGHT LED LAMP1.jpg ULTRA-BRIGHT LED LAMP1.jpg
     
    Son düzenleyen: Moderatör: 17 Şubat 2015

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